Syphilis: Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria. The most common way people get infected by syphilis is through having sex without using a condom. It can also be transmitted through oral sex. Syphilis is treatable, and both treatment and testing are free of charge.
Symptoms of syphilis: some people have symptoms, others don’t. The first symptom of early-stage syphilis is usually that you develop one or more sores in or around the place where you were infected, e.g. the genitals, anus or mouth. The sores heal by themselves after about three to eight weeks, but this does not mean that you are cured. Syphilis can still be passed on to others by you, and it is important that you get treatment.
The best way to protect yourself against syphilis is to use a condom if you have anal sex. It is important that the condom be undamaged and that it remain on the entire time you have sexual intercourse. A condom will also protect you if you have oral sex.
Chlamydia: The infection is caused by a bacterium and is spread primarily through anal sex. Testing and treatment of suspected or confirmed chlamydia is free of charge.
Symptoms of chlamydia: Most people who get chlamydia do not have any symptoms. It is therefore important for you to get tested if you have had sex without a condom with a new or casual partner. Your partner should also get tested.
You may have one or more of these symptoms if you have chlamydia: a smarting pain when you urinate, or a discharge from the urethra. You may also have a pain in the tummy or the scrotum.
The best way to avoid getting chlamydia is to use a condom.
Gonorrhoea – read more in the box about gonorrhoea under Q&A
Remember! If, at the time of testing, the staff do not ask you how you’ve had sex, remember to tell them yourself so the samples are taken from the correct part of your body. These tests can be done at the same time as you get tested for HIV.
If you would like to speak to someone about this on the telephone, call telephone number 1177. You can call at any hour of the day or night. You can also contact an STI clinic, a Sesam clinic or Venhälsan
Source: 1177 Healthcare Guide